AKA: American black walnut, black walnut
What: Hardwood tree with an average height of 100-150 feet
Where: Walnut grows naturally from Massachusetts west to midway through South Dakota. It also grows South from central Texas to Florida’s panhandle.
Properties: Is a medium density wood with moderate bending and crushing strength (Janka 1010). There are many grain pattern options, from plain sliced to quarter cut with color variations, as well as wavy and curly grains. Burls, crotches, bird’s eye, and fiddleback figures are available as well. The heartwood varies from gray-brown to dark brown and the sapwood is cream colored.
Workability: Works very well with hand and machine tools. It nails, screws, and glues well, and also takes stains well.
Uses: Furniture, cabinetry, millwork, doors, flooring, paneling, and gunstocks. Favored for grand pianos. Used to make beautiful cabinets for televisions, radios, organs, and jukeboxes back in the day.