AKA: lapacho, ironwood, greenheart, amapa, Brazilian walnut, amapa, cortez, Madera negra, tahuari, lapacho negro, flor Amarillo, guayacan polvillo
What: Hardwood tree that grows 150-200’ tall
Where: Grows in Brazil and throughout Central and South America and parts of Lesser Antilles
Properties: One of the hardest hardwoods and very heavy too (Janka 3684). Dries quickly with very little checking or warping. Highly resistant to insects and fungal attacks. Has a lustrous brown color, sometimes with a greenish tinge. Available in long lengths. Has a Class A fire rating (same given to concrete and steel)
Workability: Can be difficult to work with and saw because it is so hard. Holds screws well. Machining creates a fine yellow dust that can cause health problems. Extremely resistant to bending.
Uses: Railroad crossties, heavy construction, exterior construction, tool handles, turnery, boardwalks, bridges, benches, trellis, fencing, industrial flooring. Also used as an accent wood for items like billiard cues, walking sticks, archery bows, and fishing rods. Can be made into veneer, and plywood products are starting to be made available. Best used for decking and outdoor furniture